by Fly Fisherman

Another thing that is important in stream fishing for trout, salmon or bass, is that your fly or bait should come to the fish in as nearly a natural manner as possible.
There is another characteristic of fish, as of other wild life, however, that is also important in attracting a fish to your fly or bait. A fish sees movement quicker than anything else. This basic fact is the real reason back of all the action successful fishermen give many of their baits and wet flies.
In actual fishing, practically every system of presentation of the fly or bait is designed to carry out one or the other, or both, of these cardinal principles. Once you get this clearly in mind you will be able to work out a lot of special adaptations and combinations of your own. It’ll be fun doing it, too.
But just now, let’s see how these two principles—(1) natural delivery of the bait or fly and (2) action of the lure—work out with this bunch of worms we are using to stalk our trout. Suppose you have just waded onto a shallow-water bar at the side of a long pool in a trout stream. The water is high and pretty murky and the water temperature is 48°. In these conditions, live bait is the best method to use if you want fish in the creel.

Using the cast for live bait, swing your worms, without any sinker, upstream and across towards the deeper water and swifter current flowing along the other side of the river. Remember to shoot the line on your forward cast. Let the line, leader and bait sink down in the water, but follow the bait with your rod tip. Keep pulling in enough line with your left hand so your line keeps fairly taut. Your bait will drift down in the current and be swept along the deeper water by the far bank of the stream. If your bait catches on the bottom, loosen it by gently raising the tip of your rod.

After your bait has drifted past, let out line until the current has taken your bait about 50 feet below you and towards the other bank. At this point the natural drift of the bait is ended because now your line will hold the bait from moving with the current. You now go over to the action type of handling your lure. Let the bait hang in the current for a short time, working the tip gently up and down. Be on the alert for strikes, as they are especially liable to come in this position—with a fly as well as with bait.

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